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    News Release Information

    20-311-ATL
    Wednesday, February 19, 2020

    Contacts

    Technical information:
    Media contact:
    • (404) 893-4220

    Business Employment Dynamics in Alabama – Second Quarter 2019

    From March 2019 to June 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Alabama were 93,715, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 97,277, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 3,562 jobs in the private sector during the second quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 8,018. (See chart 1.)

    The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

    The 93,715 gross job gains in the second quarter of 2019 followed the 96,841 gross job gains in the first quarter of 2019. Alabama’s gross job gains have exceeded 90,000 each quarter since the third quarter of 2017. (See chart 1.) Alabama’s gross job losses were 97,277 in the second quarter of 2019, the highest number of gross jobs losses since the third quarter of 2009.

    In the second quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 5.8 percent of private-sector employment in Alabama; nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses represented 6.0 percent of private-sector employment in Alabama; nationally gross job losses accounted for 5.9 percent of private-sector employment in the second quarter of 2019.

    During the second quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 10 industry sectors in Alabama. Education and health services gained 11,126 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, and lost 10,192 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 934 jobs was the largest gain of any sector in the state for the second quarter of 2019. Alabama’s financial activities industry had a net gain of 680 jobs. Net employment gains in the remaining four industries were less than 200. (See table 1.)?

    Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors in Alabama. Retail trade lost 14,541 jobs in closing and contracting establishments, and gained 12,828 jobs in opening and expanding establishments. The resulting net loss of 1,713 jobs was the largest loss of any sector in the state for the second quarter of 2019. Alabama’s manufacturing industry sector had a net loss of 1,673 jobs. In the two remaining industries with net job losses, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 800.

    Alabama was among the four states in the East South Central Census division. In the second quarter of 2019, Alabama, Kentucky, and Mississippi each had gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains. (See table A.) Alabama was among the three states in the division that had rates of gross job losses that were at or above the 5.9-percent national rate. Tennessee had a rate of job loss below the national rate. All four states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were below the 6.0-percent national rate.

    Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East South Central Division, and East South Central states, June 2019, seasonally adjusted
    AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
    a percent of
    total
    employment
    TotalAs a
    percent of
    total
    employment
    TotalAs a
    percent of
    total
    employment

    United States

    7,605,0006.07,423,0005.9182,0000.1

    East South Central (1)

    380,489377,8802,609

    Alabama

    93,7155.897,2776.0-3,562-0.2

    Kentucky

    91,6945.894,9995.9-3,305-0.1

    Mississippi

    52,2885.854,2176.0-1,929-0.2

    Tennessee

    142,7925.5131,3875.011,4050.5

    Footnotes:
    ?(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East South Central Census Division.

    Note: Dash indicates data not available.

    Additional statistics and other information

    BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.digitalmonojit.com/bdm/.

    The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2020.


    Technical Note

    The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

    In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

    The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

    Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

    The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

    Openings.? These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

    Expansions.? These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

    Closings.? These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

    Contractions.? These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

    Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

    Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Alabama, seasonally adjusted
    CategoryGross job gains and job losses
    (3 months ended)
    Gross job gains and job losses
    as a percent of employment
    (3 months ended)
    June
    2018
    Sept
    2018
    Dec.
    2018
    Mar.
    2019
    June
    2019
    June
    2018
    Sept
    2018
    Dec.
    2018
    Mar.
    2019
    June
    2019

    Total private (1)

    Gross job gains

    93,55395,605100,81696,84193,7155.86.06.36.05.8

    At expanding establishments

    77,23780,67483,48479,18477,9774.85.15.24.94.8

    At opening establishments

    16,31614,93117,33217,65715,7381.00.91.11.11.0

    Gross job losses

    90,39494,07585,91488,82397,2775.75.95.35.56.0

    At contracting establishments

    76,52078,06172,42375,84481,1884.84.94.54.75.0

    At closing establishments

    13,87416,01413,49112,97916,0890.91.00.80.81.0

    Net employment change (2)

    3,1591,53014,9028,018-3,5620.10.11.00.5-0.2

    Construction

    Gross job gains

    7,8928,2678,76510,0478,2958.99.29.710.98.9

    At expanding establishments

    6,4107,2967,3258,3897,0247.28.18.19.17.5

    At opening establishments

    1,4829711,4401,6581,2711.71.11.61.81.4

    Gross job losses

    7,1907,3977,3448,0768,2688.18.38.18.78.9

    At contracting establishments

    6,1435,9786,2427,0237,1666.96.76.97.67.7

    At closing establishments

    1,0471,4191,1021,0531,1021.21.61.21.11.2

    Net employment change (2)

    7028701,4211,971270.80.91.62.20.0

    Manufacturing

    Gross job gains

    8,1519,4589,2047,8717,5753.03.53.42.92.8

    At expanding establishments

    7,3138,8238,6307,2487,1862.73.33.22.72.7

    At opening establishments

    8386355746233890.30.20.20.20.1

    Gross job losses

    7,9948,2367,2228,2309,2483.03.12.73.13.5

    At contracting establishments

    7,0097,3406,7217,7228,5432.62.82.52.93.2

    At closing establishments

    9858965015087050.40.30.20.20.3

    Net employment change (2)

    1571,2221,982-359-1,6730.00.40.7-0.2-0.7

    Wholesale trade

    Gross job gains

    3,5363,3563,5603,7213,6044.84.54.85.04.9

    At expanding establishments

    2,8782,8382,9123,1383,0923.93.83.94.24.2

    At opening establishments

    6585186485835120.90.70.90.80.7

    Gross job losses

    3,4383,3273,4533,1913,4644.64.54.64.34.6

    At contracting establishments

    2,6622,6412,7562,7162,7593.63.63.73.73.7

    At closing establishments

    7766866974757051.00.90.90.60.9

    Net employment change (2)

    98291075301400.20.00.20.70.3

    Retail trade

    Gross job gains

    13,58613,54112,18314,41812,8285.95.95.36.25.5

    At expanding establishments

    11,31411,78010,52312,30210,9844.95.14.65.34.7

    At opening establishments

    2,2721,7611,6602,1161,8441.00.80.70.90.8

    Gross job losses

    14,80014,46512,66212,46414,5416.46.35.55.46.3

    At contracting establishments

    12,26912,48110,96610,85412,4775.35.44.84.75.4

    At closing establishments

    2,5311,9841,6961,6102,0641.10.90.70.70.9

    Net employment change (2)

    -1,214-924-4791,954-1,713-0.5-0.4-0.20.8-0.8

    Transportation and warehousing

    Gross job gains

    3,4194,0285,3813,2703,1685.96.89.05.45.2

    At expanding establishments

    2,9543,5324,6182,6232,6575.16.07.74.34.4

    At opening establishments

    4654967636475110.80.81.31.10.8

    Gross job losses

    3,4353,4192,7373,9973,6065.95.84.66.55.9

    At contracting establishments

    3,0292,7032,3353,6133,1775.24.63.95.95.2

    At closing establishments

    4067164023844290.71.20.70.60.7

    Net employment change (2)

    -166092,644-727-4380.01.04.4-1.1-0.7

    Financial activities

    Gross job gains

    4,2015,1314,4554,2474,8014.55.44.74.55.1

    At expanding establishments

    3,3584,2733,4393,3773,6713.64.53.63.63.9

    At opening establishments

    8438581,0168701,1300.90.91.10.91.2

    Gross job losses

    4,1304,3515,1924,1724,1214.44.65.44.44.4

    At contracting establishments

    3,3063,3744,2023,3153,2143.53.64.43.53.4

    At closing establishments

    8249779908579070.91.01.00.91.0

    Net employment change (2)

    71780-737756800.10.8-0.70.10.7

    Professional and business services

    Gross job gains

    18,24617,77622,41718,15718,9127.57.39.07.27.6

    At expanding establishments

    15,31614,80517,86614,82015,5156.36.17.25.96.2

    At opening establishments

    2,9302,9714,5513,3373,3971.21.21.81.31.4

    Gross job losses

    17,50918,39416,68116,84618,8287.27.56.86.87.5

    At contracting establishments

    14,88614,86813,78313,90515,2206.16.15.65.66.1

    At closing establishments

    2,6233,5262,8982,9413,6081.11.41.21.21.4

    Net employment change (2)

    737-6185,7361,311840.3-0.22.20.40.1

    Education and health services

    Gross job gains

    11,74010,10610,83811,12511,1265.14.44.64.74.7

    At expanding establishments

    9,9478,7959,1229,0309,4104.33.83.93.84.0

    At opening establishments

    1,7931,3111,7162,0951,7160.80.60.70.90.7

    Gross job losses

    9,22410,5139,83710,23210,1923.94.54.24.34.3

    At contracting establishments

    8,0078,6098,0028,5497,9813.43.73.43.63.4

    At closing establishments

    1,2171,9041,8351,6832,2110.50.80.80.70.9

    Net employment change (2)

    2,516-4071,0018939341.2-0.10.40.40.4

    Leisure and hospitality

    Gross job gains

    16,73217,48717,09817,05517,3978.18.68.38.28.3

    At expanding establishments

    12,96413,45413,57112,83913,6566.36.66.66.26.5

    At opening establishments

    3,7684,0333,5274,2163,7411.82.01.72.01.8

    Gross job losses

    16,97017,67614,86815,87718,1488.28.67.27.68.7

    At contracting establishments

    14,42814,97612,56313,32415,2137.07.36.16.47.3

    At closing establishments

    2,5422,7002,3052,5532,9351.21.31.11.21.4

    Net employment change (2)

    -238-1892,2301,178-751-0.10.01.10.6-0.4

    Other services (3)

    Gross job gains

    3,3373,3863,3593,2173,1617.87.97.87.57.3

    At expanding establishments

    2,5322,5892,5772,6682,5065.96.06.06.25.8

    At opening establishments

    8057977825496551.91.91.81.31.5

    Gross job losses

    2,8813,1823,1352,7893,0036.77.47.36.56.9

    At contracting establishments

    2,3972,5012,5312,2812,4245.65.85.95.35.6

    At closing establishments

    4846816045085791.11.61.41.21.3

    Net employment change (2)

    4562042244281581.10.50.51.00.4

    Footnotes:
    ?(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
    ?(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
    ?(3) Except public administration.


    Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
    CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
    (3 months ended)
    Gross job losses as a percent of employment
    (3 months ended)
    June
    2018
    Sept.
    2018
    Dec.
    2018
    Mar.
    2019
    June
    2019
    June
    2018
    Sept.
    2018
    Dec.
    2018
    Mar.
    2019
    June
    2019

    United States(1)

    6.16.06.35.96.05.86.05.65.55.9

    Alabama

    5.86.06.36.05.85.75.95.35.56.0

    Alaska

    10.98.911.010.010.810.710.79.89.010.2

    Arizona

    6.06.66.25.65.75.95.15.15.55.7

    Arkansas

    5.06.15.95.25.05.75.65.05.15.7

    California

    6.76.56.96.36.66.46.25.96.26.4

    Colorado

    6.86.66.86.67.06.16.86.06.36.2

    Connecticut

    5.85.35.35.25.85.15.74.95.75.9

    Delaware

    6.45.76.66.46.06.06.55.65.56.3

    District of Columbia

    5.65.35.65.45.45.65.55.14.95.5

    Florida

    6.46.86.46.16.56.15.86.15.66.3

    Georgia

    6.36.76.36.86.26.46.15.85.76.4

    Hawaii

    5.35.15.85.44.75.45.45.15.96.1

    Idaho

    7.36.87.47.57.16.86.96.36.16.7

    Illinois

    5.65.55.55.25.65.65.85.65.15.3

    Indiana

    5.55.25.65.95.25.55.45.04.85.8

    Iowa

    5.75.35.85.15.85.45.75.35.45.6

    Kansas

    5.75.96.15.45.75.65.75.45.75.7

    Kentucky

    5.95.86.15.85.85.76.05.45.55.9

    Louisiana

    6.26.36.25.96.06.56.35.85.96.5

    Maine

    8.06.17.37.27.57.17.56.76.47.5

    Maryland

    6.16.36.86.46.35.86.66.45.76.4

    Massachusetts

    6.15.65.85.76.05.56.15.35.25.7

    Michigan

    5.55.05.65.15.55.26.25.24.65.8

    Minnesota

    5.85.55.75.25.85.25.75.45.15.5

    Mississippi

    5.75.96.55.75.86.05.95.36.26.0

    Missouri

    5.75.95.85.45.65.76.05.45.35.8

    Montana

    8.07.28.97.68.07.87.97.28.07.7

    Nebraska

    5.85.95.95.75.75.85.95.75.65.7

    Nevada

    6.16.76.66.05.95.85.75.55.46.0

    New Hampshire

    6.75.76.66.36.46.26.85.75.76.3

    New Jersey

    6.56.06.45.76.25.86.45.75.65.8

    New Mexico

    6.76.46.86.46.36.26.46.15.86.3

    New York

    6.36.16.36.06.05.86.45.75.35.9

    North Carolina

    6.15.76.76.36.15.76.45.35.15.7

    North Dakota

    6.76.66.87.16.76.26.66.26.46.7

    Ohio

    5.65.45.65.55.65.45.85.35.15.7

    Oklahoma

    6.46.76.55.85.96.36.16.15.86.2

    Oregon

    6.26.26.76.36.36.36.36.05.86.1

    Pennsylvania

    5.35.45.35.15.25.15.24.84.85.3

    Rhode Island

    6.36.26.45.86.46.16.45.75.66.7

    South Carolina

    7.55.87.46.46.36.76.55.46.06.2

    South Dakota

    6.16.06.35.76.26.15.75.86.46.0

    Tennessee

    5.55.85.85.45.55.35.34.94.85.0

    Texas

    5.96.06.25.55.75.35.45.25.25.3

    Utah

    6.97.36.97.36.96.46.46.26.26.5

    Vermont

    7.26.97.46.76.97.17.66.86.37.1

    Virginia

    6.25.76.36.46.15.86.35.65.55.9

    Washington

    7.36.26.46.26.66.56.55.65.65.7

    West Virginia

    6.87.06.36.06.26.46.46.56.66.5

    Wisconsin

    5.55.15.45.15.55.55.95.04.85.3

    Wyoming

    8.48.310.08.68.58.48.47.87.89.6

    Puerto Rico

    7.97.26.07.16.46.25.86.85.15.8

    Virgin Islands

    13.212.87.911.98.87.05.97.17.46.1

    Footnotes
    ?(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

     

    Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 19, 2020

    光棍天堂影院1111
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